20 verses • revealed at Meccan
»The surah that opens with the emphatic oath of the Divine One swearing by The City, that mankind us under the absolute power and watchfulness of God. It takes its name after the “city” or “town” (balad) mentioned in verse 1. The essential point of this surah is that man is created to work and be judged. He should therefore seek to do good deeds rather than indulge in arrogance and wastefulness.«
The surah is also known as (This) Countryside, The Earth, The Land, The Town
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ
M. H. Shakir: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Nay! I swear by this city.