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Sura 34
Aya 1

Chapter 34

ShebaSabaʾ ( سبإ )

54 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that mentions the gracious dwelling place of the blessed people of Sheba in Yemen, whom God whelmed away for their rejection of God’s blessings and then punished them for their ingratitude. It is named after the account of Sheba (Saba) in verse 15 ff. The Prophet is first encouraged through references to David and Solomon and how God favoured them. The disbelievers of Mecca are warned through a description of the punishment that awaits them on the Day of Resurrection. Two references are made to their accusing the Prophet of madness (verse 8 and verse 46) and this charge is thoroughly refuted.«

The surah is also known as: The City of Saba.

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ

Muhammad Asad: In The Name of God, The Most Gracious, The Dispenser of Grace:

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الحَمدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذي لَهُ ما فِي السَّماواتِ وَما فِي الأَرضِ وَلَهُ الحَمدُ فِي الآخِرَةِ ۚ وَهُوَ الحَكيمُ الخَبيرُ

Muhammad Asad

ALMOST certainly, this surah was revealed in the second half of the Mecca period, proably a short time before surah 17 ("The Night Journey"). The title is based on the reference in verses 15-20, to the people of Saba (the Biblical Sheba), who are cited as an example of impermanence of all human power, wealth and glory. The pivotal ideas of the whole surah may be summed up in the question, addressed to all human beings, in verse 9: "Are they, then, not aware of how little of the sky and the earth lies open before them and how much is hidden from them?" and in the call to moral responsibility sounded in verse 46: "Say: 'I counsel you one thing only: Be ever conscious of standing before God whether you are in the company of others or alone.'"
ALL PRAISE is due to God, to whom all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth belongs; and to Him will be due all praise in the life to come. For He alone is truly wise, all-aware: