1 Preface الر ۚ تِلكَ آياتُ الكِتابِ المُبينِYusuf AliA.L.R.1 These are the Symbols2 (or Verses) of the perspicuous Book.3For the meaning of these mystic letters, see Introduction to S. 10.Ayat Signs, Symbols, verses of the Qur-ān. The Symbolic meaning is particularly appropriate here, as the whole of Joseph’s story is a Sign or a Miracle? a working exposition of the Plan and Purpose of God.Cf. 5:15, n. 716. The predominant meaning of Mubin here is: one that explains or makes things clear.