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Sura 77
Aya 1

Chapter 77

The Emissariesal-Mursalāt ( المرسلات )

50 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that opens with the oath of the Divine One swearing by the Emissaries as those sent forth in succession. It takes its name from the “emissaries” (mursalāt) mentioned in verse 1. The surah describes the Day of Decision: its inevitability, arguments for its coming, and the events that will presage the Judgement, as well as the fates of believers and disbelievers.«

The surah is also known as (Winds) Sent Forth, The Loosed Ones, Those Sent Forth, Those Sent Forth in Succession, Those That Are Sent Forth

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ

Yusuf Ali: In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

وَالمُرسَلاتِ عُرفًا

Yusuf Ali

By the (Winds) Sent Forth1 one after another (to man?s profit);2
  • This Sūra begins with an appeal to five things, as pointing to the substantive statement in verse 7, that the Day of Justice and Judgment is bound to come, and we must prepare for it. It is difficult to translate, but easy to understand, if we remember that a triple thread of allegory runs through this passage (verses 1-7). The five things or phases, which will be presently considered in detail, refer to (a) Winds in the physical world, (b) Angels in the spiritual world, and (c) Prophets in the human world, connecting it with the spiritual world.
  • Understanding the reference to Winds, we can see that they are powerful factors in the government of the physical world. (1) They come gently as harbingers of the blessings of rain and fertility (15:22, 30:48); but (2) they can come as violent tornadoes, uprooting and destroying (51:41-42); (3) they can scatter seeds far and wide, and (4) they can separate chaff from grain, or clear the air from epidemics; and (5) they literally carry sound, and therefore Messages, and metaphorically they are instrumental in making God’s Revelation accessible to hearers, whether by way of justification or repentance for the Penitent, or warning for unrepentant Sinners. All these things point to the power and goodness of God, and we are asked to believe that His promise of Mercy and Justice in the Hereafter is indeed true. Cf. this passage with 51:1-6 (Al Dhariyat) with which it has many affinities.