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Sura 73
Aya 1

Chapter 73

Enwrappedal-Muzzammil ( المزمل )

20 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that opens by addressing the mantled Prophet as the Enwrapped Messenger. It takes its name from the word “wrapped in mantle” (muzzammil) in verse 1. The surah describes how God relaxed the early regime of devotion first imposed on the Prophet (verse 1 ff.) to prepare him for the weighty message. The Prophet is urged to be patient (verse 10 ff.), told of the punishment that awaits the disbelievers in Hell (verse 12 ff.), and reminded of the punishment that befell Pharaoh in this life (verse 15 ff.).«

The surah is also known as Bundled up, Enfolded, Folded in Garments, The Enwrapped Messenger, The Enwrapped One, The Mantled One, Wrapped in Mantle

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ


يا أَيُّهَا المُزَّمِّلُ

Ali Unal

This sūrah of 20 verses, one of the earliest revealed in Makkah, takes its name from the word al-muzzammil (the enwrapped one) in the first verse. However, there are many reliable reports that its last verse was revealed in Madīnah. It strongly advises prayer at night, patience, and reliance upon God. It warns the unbelievers against the Day of Judgment.
O you enwrapped one, (under the heavy responsibility of Messengership)!1
  • This address is directed to God’s Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings. When this verse was revealed, he was lying down in his house enwrapped in his cloak or blanket. Although the verse expressed a physical reality, the figurative meaning it attached to that reality is more significant. That is, the Messenger greatly suffered because of the deviations of his people, and fully felt the overwhelming responsibility of his mission. So, the verse implies the responsibility with which he was charged.