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Sura 31
Aya 12
وَلَقَد آتَينا لُقمانَ الحِكمَةَ أَنِ اشكُر لِلَّهِ ۚ وَمَن يَشكُر فَإِنَّما يَشكُرُ لِنَفسِهِ ۖ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ حَميدٌ

Ali Unal

We surely granted wisdom1 to Luqmān,2 and said: “Give thanks to God.” Whoever gives thanks to God, gives thanks but for (the good of) his own soul; and whoever is ungrateful, surely God is the All-Wealthy and Self-Sufficient (absolutely independent of the whole creation), All-Praiseworthy.
  • For an explanation of wisdom, see sūrah 2: 129, note 108, and 269, note 159.
  • Luqmān is one of the three persons – the other two being Dhu’l-Qarnayn and ‘Uzayr – mentioned in the Qur’ān about whom it is not clear whether they were Prophets or not. Luqmān was widely known in Arabia before the advent of Islam for his wisdom and spiritual maturity. Some traditions say that he was from Abyssinia and lived in Egypt (al-Mawdūdī, Tafhīm, “Sūrah Luqmān,” note 17). According to some other traditions, he was the nephew of Prophet Ayyūb (Job), upon him be peace, and lived long enough to see Prophet Dāwūd (David) and Prophet Yūnus (Jonah), upon them both be peace (Yazır, 6: 3842).