You are here: Home » Chapter 19 » Verse 1 » Translation
Sura 19
Aya 1

Chapter 19

MaryMaryam ( مريم )

98 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that mentions the miracle-filled story of Mary and how, though an untouched virgin, she gave birth to Jesus, the true Messiah and a human messenger of God to the Children of Israel. It takes its names from the story of Mary told in verse 16 ff. It recounts the grace given by God to a number of prophets and tells aspects of their stories. The claim that Jesus is the son of God is firmly denied, as is the assertion of the pagans of Mecca that the angels are God’s daughters. From verse 66 ff. the surah discusses the arrogant assertions of the disbelievers of Mecca. The Prophet is told that God’s punishment is coming to them and exhorted not to be impatient for it to arrive or to receive the revelation (verse 64).«

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ

Yusuf Ali: In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.


Yusuf Ali

Kāf. Hā. Yā. ‘Ain. Ṣād.1
  • This is the only Sūra which begins with these five Abbreviated Letters, Kaf, Ha Ya 'Ayn, Sad. For Abbreviated Letters generally, see Appendix 1.
    As stated in my note 25, such Letters are Symbols, of which the true meaning is known to God alone. We should not be dogmatic about any conjectures that we make. According to the interpretation of the last letter Sad, suggested in n. 989 to 7:1. I should be disposed to accept Sad with the meaning of Qisas, i.e., stories of the Prophets. The main figures referred to here are: Zakariya, Yahya, Maryam, Isa, and Ibrāhīm: the others are mentioned but incidentally. The strong letter in Zakariya, is K; in IbraHim, H; in YahYa and perhaps MarYam, Y; and in 'Isa, ? 'A ('Ayn). H also comes in Harun (Aaron), and the Arabic Ya' comes in all the names including Isma'il and Idris. I offer this suggestion with some diffidence. The suggestion of the Tafsir Kabir is that the letters stand for attributes of God: K .
    for Kafi (the One sufficient in Himself); H. for Hadi (He who guides); Y. for Yad (Hand as a symbol of Power and Authority; Cf. 48;10, “The Hand of God is above their hands”); 'A. for 'Alim (the All-Knowing); and S. for Sadiq (The True One).