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Sura 14
Aya 1

Chapter 14

Abraham
Ibrāhīm ( ابراهيم )

52 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that records the prayer of Abraham for the security and perpetual godliness of the barren valley of Mecca, when, at God’s command, he settled his beloved wife Hagar and first son Ishmael there, in order to establish the perennial rites of the prayer, as well as other forms of worship, for all time on earth. It is named after Abraham, whose prayer appears in verse 35 ff. Throughout the surah the ungrateful are condemned, and the grateful commended. Abraham also asks that he and his descendants may be protected from idol-worship. This serves to remind the Meccans that they should shun the worship of idols.«

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ

Muhammad Asad: In The Name of God, The Most Gracious, The Dispenser of Grace:

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الر ۚ كِتابٌ أَنزَلناهُ إِلَيكَ لِتُخرِجَ النّاسَ مِنَ الظُّلُماتِ إِلَى النّورِ بِإِذنِ رَبِّهِم إِلىٰ صِراطِ العَزيزِ الحَميدِ

Muhammad Asad

ALL AUTHORITIES agree that this surah belongs to the last group of Meccan revelations; in the Itqan it is placed immediately after surah 71 (Nuh), and we have no reason to question this chronology. The title is based on Abraham's prayer in verses 35-41; its relevance to the rest of the surah has been explained in note 48. As in the preceding surah, the main theme of Ibrahim is the revelation of God's word to man, destined to lead him "out of the depths of darkness into the light" (verses 1 and 5) by means of messages expressed in the language of the people to whom it was originally addressed (verse 4; cf. also 13:37 and the corresponding note 72): but whereas all earlier instances of the divine writ were meant only for the people thus addressed by their prophet (cf. God's command to Moses, in verse 5, "Lead thy people out of the depths of darkness into the light"), the Qur'an is, as stated in the first and the last verses of this surah, a message for all mankind.
Alif. Lam. Ra.1 A DIVINE WRIT [is this a revelation] which We have bestowed upon thee from on high in order that thou might bring forth all mankind, by their Sustainer's leave, out of the depths of darkness into the light: onto the way that leads to the Almighty, the One to whom all praise is due -
  • See Appendix II; also surah 11, note 1.