56 verses • revealed at Meccan
»The surah that opens by addressing the enwrapped Prophet as the Shrouded Messenger. It takes its name from the word “wrapped in mantle” (muddaththir) in verse 1. The first verses of this surah (verse 1 ff.) were revealed after one of the Prophets first encounter with the Angel of Revelation in the Cave of Ḥirāʾ. The surah goes on, in a section from a later period, to remind the obstinate disbelievers of their fate on the Day of Judgement (verse 8 ff.) and a specific opponent of the Prophet is singled out (verse 11 ff.). The end of the surah (verse 39 ff.) exposes the foolishness of the disbelievers” attitude to the Revelation and the Day of Resurrection.«
The surah is also known as The Cloaked One, The Enfolded, The Enfolded One, The Enveloped, The Man Wearing a Cloak, The Mantled Messenger, Wrapped in his Cloak
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ
E. H. Palmer: IN the name of the merciful and compassionate God.
O thou who art covered!