206 verses • revealed at Meccan
»The surah that depicts the final separation of the believers and unbelievers on the Day of Judgment by an unscalable edifice called The Elevations that veils them from one another; but upon it stand men and women who can see both the people destined for Paradise and those fated for Hell, while their own harrowing verdict remains as yet undeclared by God. It is named after “the Elevations” (al-Aʿrāf) mentioned in verse 46 ff. The surah begins by addressing the Prophet Muḥammad, reassuring him about his revelations, and closes emphasizing the fact that he merely repeats what is revealed to him. It warns the disbelievers of their fate via numerous stories of disobedient communities of the past, in the hope that they may take heed and repent before it is too late. Both subjects also serve to give encouragement to the Prophet and the believers.«
The surah is also known as The Battlements, The Faculty of Discernment, The Heights, The Ramparts, Wall Between Heaven and Hell
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ
جلال الدين السيوطي: «بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم»
«المص» الله أعلم بمراده بذلك.