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Sura 6
Aya 13
۞ وَلَهُ ما سَكَنَ فِي اللَّيلِ وَالنَّهارِ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّميعُ العَليمُ

Yusuf Ali

To him belongeth all that dwelleth (or lurketh)1 in the night and the day. For he is the one who heareth and knoweth all things.”2
  • Sakana = (1) to dwell; (2) to rest, to be still, to stop (moving), to lurk; (3) to be quiescent, as a letter which is not moved with a vowel.
    If we imagine Night and Day to be places, and each to have (dwelling in them) things that are open and things that are concealed, things that move and things that are still, things that are sounded and things that are quiescent, we get some idea of the imagery implied. The mystery of Time (which seems more abstract than Space) is thus explained and illustrated by the idea of Place or Space, which also is a notion and not a concrete thing. But He Who has control of all these things is the one true God.
  • Throughout this section we have a sort of implied dialogue, of which one part is understood from the other part, which is expressed. In verse 11, we might have an imaginary objector saying: “Why go back to the past?” The answer is: “Well travel through the world, and see whether it is not true that virtue and godliness exalt a nation, and the opposite are causes of ruin. Both the past and the present prove this.” In verse 12 the objector may say: “But you speak of God’s power?” The man of God replies: “Yes, but Mercy is God’s own attribute, and knowledge and wisdom beyond what man can conceive.”