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Sura 53
Aya 1

Chapter 53

The Staral-Najm ( النجم )

62 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that opens with the oath of the Divine One swearing by every one of The Stars, as they descend and disappear beneath the horizon, that Muḥammad is indeed God’s awaited Messenger. It takes its name from verse 1, which mentions “the stars” (najm). The surah confirms the divine source of the Prophet’s message and refers to his ascension to heaven during the Night Journey (verse 1 ff.). The surah refutes the claims of the disbelievers about the goddesses and the angels (verse 19 ff.), and lists several truths about God’s power. It closes with a warning of the imminent Day of Judgement.«

The surah is also known as The Pleiades

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ


وَالنَّجمِ إِذا هَوىٰ

Ali Unal

Revealed in Makkah, this sūrah of 62 verses derives its name from the word an-Najm (the star) in the first verse. God’s Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, recited it in its entirety to both the believers and the Makkan polytheists at the Ka’bah. It warns the polytheists about their attitude towards the Qur’ān. It reminds them that all their beliefs are based on mere surmises, while those who follow the Straight Path are those who believe in and worship the One God, Who is the Owner of the whole universe. It also stresses that the Religion God’s Messenger communicates is not a new, invented one in human history; and it threatens the polytheists with Judgment Day, which is bound to come.
By the star when it goes down,