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Sura 34
Aya 1

Chapter 34

ShebaSabaʾ ( سبإ )

54 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that mentions the gracious dwelling place of the blessed people of Sheba in Yemen, whom God whelmed away for their rejection of God’s blessings and then punished them for their ingratitude. It is named after the account of Sheba (Saba) in verse 15 ff. The Prophet is first encouraged through references to David and Solomon and how God favoured them. The disbelievers of Mecca are warned through a description of the punishment that awaits them on the Day of Resurrection. Two references are made to their accusing the Prophet of madness (verse 8 and verse 46) and this charge is thoroughly refuted.«

The surah is also known as The City of Saba

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ


الحَمدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذي لَهُ ما فِي السَّماواتِ وَما فِي الأَرضِ وَلَهُ الحَمدُ فِي الآخِرَةِ ۚ وَهُوَ الحَكيمُ الخَبيرُ

Ali Unal

Revealed in Makkah in the initial years of the revelation of Islam, this sūrah of 54 verses derives its name from verse 15, in which the civilization of Saba’ (Sheba) is mentioned. That civilization was founded in Yemen and was famous for its cities. rich in greenery, dams, and trade. A queen of this country, who was mentioned in Sūrat an-Naml in the context of her experiences with the Prophet Solomon, upon him be peace, became a Muslim (for detailed information, see 27: 22–44, notes 10–17). This sūrah dwells for the most part on the pillars of faith, such as Divine Oneness, the afterlife, and Prophethood. By mentioning the civilization of Saba,’ with its magnificence and tragic end, and the favors God granted to the Prophets David and Solomon, upon them be peace, this sūrah warns us that God’s favors come as a result of following His commandments for human life and continually thanking Him in return for His favors. Thanking means acknowledging that all of one’s achievements belong to God, feeling gratitude in return for them, and obeying His commandments.
All praise and gratitude are for God to Whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth (for it is He Who has created them and sustains them); and for Him are all praise and gratitude in the Hereafter (as it is He alone Who will found it as an eternal abode for His servants). He is the All-Wise, the All-Aware.