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Sura 8
Aya 1

Chapter 8

The Spoilsal-Anfāl ( الأنفال )

75 verses • revealed at Medinan

»The surah that answers the question that the believers put to the Prophet regarding how God and His Messenger would have them distribute The spoils, after the believers had differed among themselves about its disbursement. It takes its name from the term “spoils” (al-anfāl) mentioned in verse 1. The main part of this surah is a comment on the Battle of Badr (year 2/624), the first fought between the Muslims and their Meccan opponents. The Muslims, some of whom were at first reluctant to fight, won in spite of being vastly outnumbered, and began to question the distribution of the gains (spoils of war). The surah reminds them that it was God who brought about the victory. verse 41 shows how the gains were to be distributed. It advises Muslims and comments on the role of the hypocrites and on those who always break their treaties (verse 56), ending with a statement about loyalties and alliances.«

The surah is also known as Battle Gains, Booty, The Spoils of War

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ

: Рәхимле шәфкатьле Аллаһ исеме белән башлыйм эшемне.

يَسأَلونَكَ عَنِ الأَنفالِ ۖ قُلِ الأَنفالُ لِلَّهِ وَالرَّسولِ ۖ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَصلِحوا ذاتَ بَينِكُم ۖ وَأَطيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسولَهُ إِن كُنتُم مُؤمِنينَ

Ий Мухәммәд г-м! Синнән хәрби-табыш малы хакында сорыйлар. (Бәдер сугышында мөселманнар җиңеп, кәферләр кача башлагач, мөселманнардан бер таифә кәферләрне куа китте, бер таифә расүл г-мне саклап калды, бер таифә табыш алу белән мәшгуль булды. Соңра бар да бер урынга җыелгач, мал хакында низаглаштылар. Бу аять шул хакта инде). Әйт: "Табыш малы Аллаһуга вә рәсүлгәдер, ягъни кайда кую алар ихтиярында". Мал хакында низагълашудан Аллаһудан куркыгыз вә арагызны төзәтегез һәм Аллаһуга вә Аның рәсүленә итагать итегез! Әгәр хак мөэмин булсагыз.