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Sura 33
Aya 73
لِيُعَذِّبَ اللَّهُ المُنافِقينَ وَالمُنافِقاتِ وَالمُشرِكينَ وَالمُشرِكاتِ وَيَتوبَ اللَّهُ عَلَى المُؤمِنينَ وَالمُؤمِناتِ ۗ وَكانَ اللَّهُ غَفورًا رَحيمًا

Muhammad Asad

[And so it is] that God imposes suffering on the hypocrites, both men and women, as well as on the men and women who ascribe divinity to aught beside Him.1 And [so, too, it is] that God turns in His mercy unto the believing men and believing women: for God is indeed much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace!
  • In other words, on those who offend against what their own reason and conscience would have them do. This suffering, whether in this world or in the hereafter, is but a causal consequence - as the lam al-'aqibah at the beginning of this sentence shows - of man's moral failure, and not an arbitrary act of God. (Cf. in this connection note 7 on 2:7, which speaks of God's "sealing" the hearts of those who are bent on denying the truth.)